China’s Gulag Archipelago in Occupied East Turkistan


Volunteer researchers working with ETNAM have identified a staggering number of suspected concentration camps, prisons, and labor camps in East Turkistan (what China calls the “Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region”) where predominantly Muslim, ethnically Turkic people are facing mass internment unseen since the days of the Holocaust. This page will be updated with new sites in the coming month.

On November 12th, 2019, we released the first tranche of data in Google Earth KMZ format, which included our full dataset (to-data) of 182 suspected concentration camps, or so-called “re-educational and vocational training centers.”

Today, November 20th, 2019, we are releasing the second tranche of data, of 209 suspected prisons. We are also sharing research by others who have identified razed cemeteries in the region.

In coming weeks, we will also be releasing the coordinates of suspected labor camps.

To-date, we have identified 182 suspected Concentration Camps, 209 suspected prisons, and 74 suspected Bingtuan labor camps. Assistant Security of Defense for the Asia-Pacific Randall Schriver has said that the number of people being held in the concentration camps “is at least a million but likely closer to 3 million” people. In September 2019, the Chinese Government released a white paper revealing some 8 million people were sent to “vocational training” in concentration camps from 2014 to 2019. We believe the number is much higher when prisons and labor camps are also considered.

It is our sincere hope that this data will inform policy makers, journalists, researchers, educators, and the public, writ large, about China’s human rights atrocities in our Homeland.

Please contact us if you know the physical mailing address of any of these facilities, or if you have photos of their exteriors, or any other information. We will incorporate it into the dataset.

Also, if you have identified other sites of interest, we will add those to the dataset and we will properly credit you and/or your organization. Sites of interest include orphanages (or so-called “kindergartens”), police checkpoints, People’s Armed Police facilities, and so forth.


To access this data, you will need the latest version of Google Earth Pro for Desktop, available here. Once you have installed Google Earth, you can download the data file below to open it.

Please note: Google Earth has historical imagery, so you can use the “time slider” in the top left of the Google Earth to “go back in time” and see these facilities as they were being rapidly constructed over the past several years.

The 11/12/19 release contains concentration camps. The 11/20/19 release contains prisons & razed cemeteries. Labor camps are forthcoming. As new data is released in coming weeks, check back often to make sure that you have the latest version of the data file. Make sure you’ve signed up for our email newsletter to be notified as prison and labor camp coordinates are released.

Special thanks goes to researchers like Shawn Zhang, Dr. Adrian Zenz, Nathan Ruser, (Ret.) Col. Vinayak Bhat, and others who have contributed their research to the public. While we have identified many new sites, our research team has been informed by their fantastic prior work.

If you value this work please DONATE to ETNAM. We receive no state support and depend on the generosity of regular people to continue our operations.

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