One of the fundamental missions of ETNAM is to expose China’s brutal campaign of genocide in East Turkistan and to shut down China’s concentration camps. Ultimately, our goal is to end China’s brutal ongoing campaign of genocide, colonization, and occupation in East Turkistan, with the support of the wider Free World.
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide
In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
- Killing members of the group;
- Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
- Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
- Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
- Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
Since China’s invasion and occupation of East Turkistan in 1949, the Chinese Communist Party has waged a brutal campaign of colonization and genocide which has led to the deaths of millions of innocent East Turkistanis, destruction of East Turkistan’s environment, and the gradual eradication of the language, culture, and history of its Indo-European and Turkic identity. China’s colonial policy of genocide have effectively altered the demographics of East Turkistan, bringing the Uyghurs and other Turkic peoples near the margin of becoming a minority in their own Homeland. If current trends continue, East Turkistanis risk being wiped out as a distinct people. Today, millions of East Turkistanis are being put into concentration camps, prisons, and labor camps, children are being forcibly separated from their families and raised in state run orphanages and boarding schools, and thousands of Uyghur and other Turkic women are being forcibly married to Chinese men.
- At the time of Chinese occupation in 1949, over 90% of the population of East Turkistan were ethnically Turkic people. Of this number, Uyghurs made up the majority. Ethnically Han Chinese persons constituted less than 4% of the total population of East Turkistan. Today, after nearly 70 years of genocide and colonization, the Turkic peoples of East Turkistan amount for some 55% of the total population of East Turkistan, with the Chinese population being around 45%.
- It is clear that the intent of China’s Communist Party is to irreparably alter the demographic composition of the region, though restrictive birth policies, colonization, mass internment, forced migration, medical neglect (thereby increasing the natural rate of death), and through other modalities. This is no less than genocidal intent.
- Resistance to Chinese occupation appears to have been brutally suppressed. According to an Urumqi Radio report on January 1, 1952, a total of 120,000 ‘enemies of China’ had been eliminated in East Turkistan. Another report from the same radio station in March 1954 said that 30,000 local counter revolutionary insurgents were eliminated in East Turkistan, making a total of 150,000 killed.
- In 1962, more than 60,000 Uyghurs and Kazakhs fled from China into the Soviet Union because of Chinese Communist Party policies and Soviet advertisements of better living conditions on their side of the border. The border remained open for five days, after which it was forcibly closed by the Beijing government. This laid the scene for demonstrations in Ghulja City in 1962, during which Chinese soldiers fired on the protestors with live rounds. According to eyewitness survivors, several hundred Uyghurs and Kazakhs were killed.
- The Chinese Communist authorities established the Bingtuan (Paramilitary Production and Construction Corps) force in 1954 with 300,000 Chinese soldiers and their families to colonize East Turkistan, utilizing the forced labor of East Turkistani people. As of 2019, the Bingtuan is estimated to be around 3 million strong force.
- In 1964, the People’s Republic of China conducted its first nuclear test in Lop Nur Lake, East Turkistan, this would be the first of 46 nuclear tests (the last test was conducted in 1996, though it is rumored that China still continues to test underground). The 46 nuclear tests led to the deaths of some 800,000 East Turkistanis and have left millions more exposed to cancerous radiation. East Turkistan has been extensively used as a weapons test base by China’s armed forces. Unbiased, internationally led epidemiological studies on the prevalence of radiation-related illnesses in East Turkistan are badly needed, but China’s restrictive security policies make this impossible.
- During China’s Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) hundreds of thousands of East Turkistanis were starved to death. Tens of thousands of people were executed, accused of being “counter-revolutionaries”, “capitalists”, “ethnic nationalists,” and even “foreign devils.”
- In a bid to prevent the future of Turkic existence in East Turkistan, the Chinese government implemented a population control policy in which millions of Uyghur and Turkic babies were forcibly aborted. During a 30-year period (1979-2009), China prevented the births of some 3.7 million people in East Turkistan. Forced abortion policies still continue today across East Turkistan.
- It is important to set out the events of the 1990s in detail, because they provide crucial context to the genocide that has since taken place. In 1990 in Barin, an Uyghur-majority town, around 200 men marched to the local government office in protest against mandatory abortions imposed on Uyghur women and forced labour. Clashes with Chinese armed police followed. These continued over the next few days until the Chinese army deployed significant numbers to put down the rebellion. This became known as the Barin uprising. There were several dozen Uyghur fatalities. According to a Chinese official’s journal which was subsequently published online, more than 3000 Uyghur civilians were arrested and over 200 were executed following the Barin uprising.
- Following the fall of the Soviet Union and the restoration of Western Turkistan’s independence (now Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, and Tajikistan), fearing East Turkistani attempts to regain their independence, the Chinese government launched the “First Strike Hard Campaign” (1996-2014), to crackdown on the “three evils” of “separatism, terrorism, and extremism” (all euphemisms for East Turkistani nationalism) in order to effectively eradicate the national identity of East Turkistanis. Some 200,000 East Turkistanis were imprisoned during this period.
- Following the September 11th, 2001 terrorist attacks against the United States and greater Free World, the Chinese government began to target the people East Turkistan, especially the Uyghurs, using the pre-text of “counter-terrorism.”
- Since 2014, China has embarked on a “Re-Education and Securitization Campaign” which has led to mass incarcerations, bans on religious and cultural practices, and the creation of an Orwellian police state in East Turkistan. In 2018, the Chinese government reported that some 1.12 million Chinese officials were sent live in the homes of East Turkistanis as “relatives” and to ensure their loyalty to the Chinese Communist Party and the State. Furthermore, some 36 million people’s DNA, voice prints, and retina scans were forcibly collected by the Chinese government across East Turkistan between 2016-2017.
- In 2017, the China’s People’s Liberation Army’s Biowarfare Strategy hints the possible use of “ethnic genetic attacks” against China’s enemies, prompting many to fear that China may be preparing to wage biological warfare against the people of East Turkistan.
- In May 2019, the US Department of Defense’s Assistant Secretary of Defense for Indo-Pacific Affairs, Randall G. Schriver, stated that China was holding some 3 million or more Turkic peoples in Concentration Camps. Detainees in the camps are subject to political and cultural indoctrination, forced starvation, forced medication, organ harvesting, rape, torture, and even summary execution.
- In July 2019, the Washington Free Beacon broke the news that a vast network of Concentration Camps, prisons, and labor camps were uncovered in East Turkistan. ETNAM uncovered at least 124 concentration camps, 193 prisons, and 66 Bingtuan labor camps with an estimated total 3.6 million detainees. Other researchers estimate there may be some 1,200 concentration camps, prisons, and labor camps across East Turkistan.
- Some 500,000 Uyghur and other Turkic children have been forcibly separated from their families and sent to state-run orphanages and boarding schools where they are indoctrinated to denounce their own ethnicity and embrace Chinese culture and identity as their own.
- In September 2020, the Chinese Government published a white paper revealing that some 8 million Uyghurs, Kazakhs, and others were sent to “vocational training” in concentration camps from 2014 to 2019. The concentration camps continue to operate to this day.